Bibliography: “Black Lives” (page 5 of 5)

This bibliography is selected and organized by the Black Lives & Me website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Des Moines. Iowa State Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Washington Congress of the U.S, David L. Womack, Lawrence E. Gary, David L. Word, Robert L. Crain, Gaye Vandermyn, William E. Sedlacek, Paul Good, and Paul Abramson.

Bibliography: "black lives" (page 5 of 5)

Gary, Lawrence E., Ed. (1981). Black Men. The essays in this book examine some of the major issues affecting the behavior and status of black men in the United States. The volume is divided into four sections. Part one compares black and white men on such indicators as sex ratio, age distribution, marital and family status, educational attainment, employment, income, social and political participation, and health. Part two examines the influence of black culture on black male and female relationships; the impact of race and sex on the socialization of black male children; black fathers' interactions with their children; and the problems of black unwed adolescent fathers. Part three investigates social support systems, alcohol abuse, suicide, and adaptation strategies in relation to black men's attempts to cope with social stress and the environment. Part four discusses how black men relate to such social institutions as the educational system, prison systems, social welfare services, and religion. A concluding section summarizes directions and priorities for improving the quality of black men's lives. The need for more research and for strategies to strengthen black men's social role is emphasized. Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Black Attitudes, Black Culture, Black Education

Iowa State Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Des Moines. (1971). "Walk Together Children." A Report of the Iowa State Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on Housing and Education in Waterloo, Iowa. Equal education and open housing have become issues of an increasingly serious concern throughout the Nation. American communities are beset by the complexity of those interrelated problems that inexorably indicate inequality for minority citizens. In response to this, the Iowa State Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held a closed meeting to investigate the problems of Waterloo, Iowa. It was felt that this investigation would clarify and perhaps present solutions not only for the serious situation in Waterloo, but for similar communities throughout the country. Waterloo is a medium-size conservative midwestern city with the second largest black population in Iowa. Its black population is strong, with a diversity of income, power, and ability. The advantage, however, remains with the established system which can, by the release or suppression of crucial information, frustrate the efforts of volunteer groups seeking to alleviate the status quo. Waterloo citizens reported that the city's supply of safe, sanitary housing is inadequate. This is especially true for the poor and minorities. The urban renewal figures, which indicate that more than 50 percent of Waterloo's black population lives in substandard housing, reflect this. Studies of the Waterloo schools indicate a reluctance on the part of the system to provide an adequate and equal education for the black students in the community. This failure to confront and correct an obvious problem inevitably adds to the city's racial strife. [More] Descriptors: Black Education, Black Housing, Civil Rights, Educational Opportunities

Womack, David L. (1988). Black Participation in Live Network Television Interviews at the 1984 Democratic Convention. To determine the extent of Black participation during the network's convention broadcasts a study investigated how many Blacks were selected as news sources in live interviews conducted by ABC, CBS, and NBC during the 1984 Democratic Convention, the status of each Black source as compared to that of Whites who were interviewed, and how many on-camera network newspersons were Black. Broadcasts by ABC, CBS, and NBC of the 1984 Democratic Convention were recorded on video tape as they were aired. All broadcasts were reviewed and the live interviews were examined to determine the race of the network newsperson who conducted the interview and the news source of the interview. Results showed that (1) the percentage of Black participation in live interviews conducted by ABC, CBS, and NBC during the 1984 Democratic Convention was greater than in the 1972 broadcasts, but was extremely uneven during the convention week; and (2) although Blacks were interviewed more than their relative strength as delegates at the convention, those who were selected as interview sources were likely to be rank-and-file delegates. (Five tables of data and 20 notes are included.) Descriptors: Black Influences, Blacks, Content Analysis, Interviews

Word, David L. (1989). Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin for States, Metropolitan Areas, and Selected Counties: 1980 to 1985. Current Population Reports, Current Population Reports. The estimates in this report are the product of research conducted over the past decade. They represent an extension of the Administrative Records method, the newest of the estimating techniques used at the U.S. Census Bureau for producing population estimates. Two chapters are devoted to a detailed discussion of the methodology used to derive the estimates that are presented in the remaining chapters. One chapter is devoted to trends in the Black population, one to trends in the "other races" population, and one to trends in the Hispanic population, all for the period 1980 to 1985. Fifty-one tables provide detailed statistical information. Highlights of the report include the following: The Black population in the United States experienced an 8.3 percent growth rate between 1980 and 1985. The "other races" population increased 36.1 percent in that time span, due largely to international immigration. The Hispanic population increased by 22.9 percent over the same period. The South continues to have both the greatest number of Blacks and the greatest proportion of total population that is Black. The "other races" population constitutes a much greater share of the total population in the West than in other parts of the country. California and Texas contain almost 55 percent of the Hispanics in the country. More than 10 percent of the nation's Black population lives in the New York City metropolitan area. By 1985, greater Los Angeles had become the first U.S. metropolitan area to have an "other races" population in excess of one million. Over one-half of the Hispanic population in 1985 lived in seven metropolitan areas, with Los Angeles having by far the largest concentration. This document presents primary data for use by teachers in developing lesson plans or by students working on individual or group projects. [More] Descriptors: Asian Americans, Blacks, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants

Abramson, Paul (1971). Political Efficacy and Political Trust among Black Schoolchildren: Four Alternative Explanations. The goal of this paper was to evaluate four alternative explanations to account for low feelings of political effectiveness and political trust among black school children. A discussion of research findings related to political efficacy and trust and a review of other pertinent research are followed by definitions of the basic concepts in the paper. The normative implications of the findings seem to point out that political attitudes of childhood do persist to adulthood; thus to teach adult blacks to be politically effective, the political attitudes of young blacks must be changed. The alternatives that explain why racial differences may result are: 1) differences in political education within American schools; 2) social-structural conditions that contribute to low feelings of self-competence among blacks; 3) differences in intelligence; and 4) differences in the political environment in which blacks and whites live. The assumptions and empirical consequences of each explanation are discussed. An evaluation of the alternatives concluded that social condition and political environment explanations have the greatest scope and therefore are the best explanations, especially if not considered as being mutually exclusive explanations. [More] Descriptors: Attitude Change, Black Attitudes, Black Community, Black Education

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. (1989). Barriers and Opportunities for America's Young Black Men. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session. This document discusses a hearing which concerns the needs of America's young black men who live in city neighborhoods with little or no opportunity for meaningful employment or educational success. Economists, educators, psychologists, anthropologists, and community activists testified on both the structural barriers that restrict young black males' potential and the need to develop for them economic opportunities and a positive self-image that can survive the systematic assaults on their dignity and well-being. The following facts about barriers and opportunities for young black men are discussed: (1) high black poverty rates persist and the black poor are getting poorer; (2) the number of underclass areas has doubled in recent years; (3) economic shifts have reduced black earnings and job opportunities; (4) young black males have lower marriage rates; (5) poor black males face major obstacles to education, particularly college; (6) black males are at greater risk of arrest and incarceration; and (7) young black men are at high risk of death from violence, substance abuse, and AIDS. Transcripts of the oral statements of six witnesses, written statements, and supporting materials are included, along with eight charts and 16 tables. [More] Descriptors: Access to Education, At Risk Persons, Black Youth, Crime

Vandermyn, Gaye (1974). National Assessment Achievements: Findings, Interpretations and Uses. Report No. 48. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) was created in 1969, and its goals were twofold: to make available the first comprehensive data on the educational attainments of young Americans in 10 learning areas and to measure any growth or decline that takes place in the educational attainments of young Americans. In 7 of the 10 learning areas surveyed nationallyreading, writing, science, music, citizenship, social studies and literature-achievement levels for the poor, the black, those who live in the inner city, in rural communities or the Southeast fall consistently below that of the nation as a whole. Young people who live in the Northeast or in suburban communities, or whose parents had the advantage of post-high school education, consistently demonstrated higher levels of skills and knowledge than the nation as a whole. The remainder of the report is concerned with the assessment of NAEP findings by educators, federal agencies and NAEP, research applications, aiding state efforts, NAEP and local school districts, teacher training and NAEP, and the present and future of NAEP. (RC) Primary type of information provided by report: Results (Interpretation) (Utilization). [More] Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Information Utilization, National Norms

Crain, Robert L.; And Others (1992). Finding Niches: Desegregated Students Sixteen Years Later. Final Report on the Educational Outcomes of Project Concern, Hartford, Connecticut. This report compares the educational attainment and present attitudes of young black adults who did and did not participate in a program that allowed inner-city students to attend suburban schools. The desegregation program, Project Concern in Hartford, Connecticut, began in 1966 by randomly selecting one group of students to be offered the opportunity to attend suburban schools and a second group as controls. Both groups, along with other Project Concern participants, were traced. In 1982, some 700 students and their parents were surveyed, after they had finished secondary school. It was concluded that attending suburban schools reduced high school dropout rates, increased adult contacts with whites socially, and increased the number of blacks choosing to live in interracial housing. Male participants had fewer difficulties with police, perceived less discrimination in colleges and in employment, and were more likely to succeed in college. Female participants were less likely to have a child before age 18. It seems likely that, for a male, the chance of obtaining 2 or more years of college was at least one and one-half times greater if he received a desegregated education. Appendix A discusses data collection methodology, and Appendix B is an analysis of self-selection and response bias. (Contains 12 tables, 7 appendix tables, and 28 references.) [More] Descriptors: Black Students, Desegregation Effects, Dropouts, Educational Attainment

Manese, Jeanne E.; Sedlacek, William E. (1983). Changes in Religious Behavior and Attitudes of College Students by Race and Sex over a Ten Year Period. Trends in students' religious activities and attitudes between 1973 and 1983 were studied at the University of Maryland, College Park. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 270 incoming freshmen in 1973 and to 389 freshmen in 1983. Findings suggest a continuation of the trend of decreasing religious orthodoxy among students, with both groups showing little interest in participating in organized religious activities. The most notable change among students over the 10-year period appeared to be in designated religious preference and attitudes toward moral issues. Though the three traditionally dominant religions (Catholic, Jewish, and Protestant) were still indicated by the majority of students, a marked decrease in students indicating Jewish was shown in 1983 compared to 1973. Students in 1983 also indicated less supportive attitudes toward abortion, premarital sex, and the buying of term papers, and more supportive attitudes toward personal involvement in war. Analysis of sex differences indicated that females, compared to males, tended to have differing views of God, more positive attitudes toward religious activity, and appeared more supportive of integrating religion more broadly into their lives. Blacks differed from whites on religious preferences, views of God, and attitudes toward several issues. [More] Descriptors: Attitude Change, College Students, Higher Education, Institutional Research

Good, Paul (1973). Cairo, Illinois: Racism at Floodtide. Clearinghouse Publication Number 44. This publication largely is based upon the testimony given at the hearing held by the Commission on Civil Rights in Cairo, Illinois, in March 1972. Half of the families in the Cairo area have poverty incomes, according to federal standards. Unemployment at 9 percent is nearly double the national average. About a third of the city–county population gets some kind of public assistance. More than one half of Cairo's dwellings are classified as deteriorating or dilapidated. How did Cairo get that way? Certainly uncontrollable economic developments contributed to the material decline. But disastrous race relations have blighted human resources essential to progress. Testimony before the Commission show that over the decades, blacks have comprised roughly 30 percent of the county and 40 percent of the city population. But no black had ever served on the county Housing Authority, the Cairo Public Utility Commission, Building Commission or Library Board. There were blacks in city office jobs. Admittedly, many American "people" are bored with race as a topic. But what color are these "people?" In Cairo, is their median family income 6400 dollars (white) or 2800 dollars (black)? Do they live in big-city ghettoes where jobs are always in short supply but drugs are plentiful? Do residents of Cairo's segregated public housing feel that the topic of racism has been exhausted? And the imposing body of civil rights law, how well does it work to change the quality of lives. These are some of the questions that brought the Commission to Cairo. [More] Descriptors: Civil Rights, Economic Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Ghettos

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